- Frazer, Sir James George
- (1854-1941)An anthropologist who held that all human societies have evolved through similar stages of magical and religious belief. These he established by comparing ancient mythologies with the beliefs and rituals of tribal societies in Africa, Australia, or the Americas, and with recent folk customs - since the latter, he claimed, contained items surviving from earlier stages, albeit corrupted and misunderstood. This non-historical cross-cultural approach was typical of his period; it is now rejected as invalid by anthropologists and folklorists, but its influence can still be seen in many popular works.Frazer's major book was The Golden Bough, on which he worked throughout his life; the first edition (1890) was in two volumes, the second (1900) in three, the third (1911-15) in twelve. Modern readers often use the one-volume abridgement (1922), where the arguments stand out more clearly, stripped of their massive footnotes and many examples; this is a pity, since the data remain valuable even where the interpretations are obsolete.The Golden Bough was widely acclaimed, and influenced several major poets and novelists in the inter-war years; to the general public, it remains the best-known, and most emotionally persuasive, study of myth and folklore. Frazer launched the idea of a sacred king who had to be killed when he grew old, because his virility was identified with the life-force of the crops; he stressed the importance of the annual cycle of vegetation, and especially cereal crops, which he linked to the myths of dying-and-rising gods in Near Eastern religions; he distinguished usefully between 'imitative' and 'contagious' *magic; he had much to say about taboos, tree-worship, human and animal sacrifice, scapegoats, fire-festivals, and much else. The logical links between these many topics are weak, and the accumulated data sometimes hardly relevant to the theories they are meant to support; his speculations regularly go far beyond what the evidence will bear, and he sometimes adds to the confusion by allowing incompatible interpretations to coexist. But his dramatic ideas and colourful, emotive style were most persuasive, and his influence endures; whenever '*fertility cults' are offered as an explanation of folk custom, an echo of Frazer can be heard. Ackerman, 1987; Dorson, 1968: 283-8.
A Dictionary of English folklore. Jacqueline Simpson & Steve Roud. 2014.
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Frazer,Sir James George — Fra·zer (frāʹzər), Sir James George. 1854 1941. British anthropologist who examined the importance of magic, religion, and science to the development of human thought in his most famous work, The Golden Bough (1890). * * * … Universalium
Frazer, Sir James George — born Jan. 1, 1854, Glasgow, Scot. died May 7, 1941, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. British anthropologist, folklorist, and classical scholar. Frazer attended Glasgow University and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he became a professor and… … Universalium
Frazer, Sir James George — (1 ene. 1854, Glasgow, Escocia–7 may. 1941, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Inglaterra). Antropólogo británico, experto en folclor y textos clásicos. Estudió en la Universidad de Glasgow y en el Trinity College, Cambridge; llegó a ser profesor en este … Enciclopedia Universal
Frazer, Sir James George — (1854 1941) Born and educated in Scotland, Frazer came to Cambridge to carry out research in 1879, remaining there for the rest of his long career. Originally trained as a classicist, he came to comparative anthropology under the influence of the … Dictionary of sociology
FRAZER, Sir James George — (1854 1941) a British lawyer influenced by William Robertson SMITH who became the first ever professor of SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY at the University of Liverpool, England in 1907. He quickly retired from this post and devoted his life to writing.… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Sir James George Frazer — noun English social anthropologist noted for studies of primitive religion and magic (1854 1941) • Syn: ↑Frazer, ↑James George Frazer • Instance Hypernyms: ↑anthropologist … Useful english dictionary
James George Frazer — noun English social anthropologist noted for studies of primitive religion and magic (1854 1941) • Syn: ↑Frazer, ↑Sir James George Frazer • Instance Hypernyms: ↑anthropologist … Useful english dictionary
James George Frazer — Sir James George Frazer (1933) Sir James George Frazer (* 1. Januar 1854 in Glasgow; † 7. Mai 1941 in Cambridge) war ein schottischer Ethnologe und Klassischer Philologe. Er gilt neben Sir Edward Burnett Tylor und Émile Durkheim als Mitbegr … Deutsch Wikipedia
James George Frazer — Sir James George Frazer Nacimiento 1 de enero de 1854 … Wikipedia Español
James George Frazer — Sir James George Frazer (January 1, 1854, Glasgow, Scotland ndash; May 7, 1941), was a Scottish social anthropologist influential in the early stages of the modern studies of mythology and comparative religion. [Mary Beard, Frazer, Leach, and… … Wikipedia